The Story of Moses: How did God choose and prepare Moses to lead his people? (Exodus 1-4)

The story of Moses is one of the best known in the Bible, and tells how God chose and prepared an ordinary man to lead his people, freeing them from slavery in Egypt. Chapters 1 through 4 of the Book of Exodus describe the events leading up to Moses’ call and his preparation for the role he would play in Israel’s history.

Exodus 1: The Oppression of the Israelites in Egypt

The book of Exodus begins with a description of the situation of the Israelites in Egypt, who were slaves and were being oppressed by Pharaoh. Pharaoh ordered all the Hebrew boys to be killed, but the Hebrew midwives Shifra and Puah disobeyed the order. So Pharaoh ordered all the Hebrew boys to be thrown into the river.

Exodus 2: The Birth and Childhood of Moses

In the midst of this oppressive context, Moses is born, the son of a Hebrew family. To save his life, his mother places him in a basket and places him in the Nile River, where he is found by the pharaoh’s daughter, who adopts and raises him as her own son. Moses grows up in the Pharaoh’s palace, but knows of his Hebrew roots.

Exodus 3: The Call of Moses

When Moses was already an adult, he saw an Egyptian mistreating a Hebrew and ended up killing the Egyptian. When Pharaoh discovers what has happened, Moses flees into the desert. It is there that he has an encounter with God, who calls him to lead the Israelites. God reveals himself to Moses in the form of a bush that is on fire but is not consumed by the fire. God tells Moses that he is the one chosen to free his people from slavery in Egypt.

Exodus 4: The Preparation of Moses

Moses is initially hesitant to accept God’s call, but eventually agrees to lead his people. God gives him signs and wonders to prove that he has the power to deliver the people of Israel. God also teaches him how to perform miracles, how to turn his staff into a snake and his hand into a leper.

Questions and answers

1. Why did God choose Moses to lead his people?

God chose Moses because he believed that Moses was the right person to deliver his people from slavery in Egypt. Moses grew up in the Pharaoh’s palace and knew both Egyptian and Hebrew cultures, which made him capable of leading the people of Israel back to their promised land.

2. Why did Moses hesitate to accept God’s call?

Moses hesitated to accept God’s call because he felt unprepared to lead his people. He feared that the Israelites would not believe him or that he would not be able to deliver them from slavery.

3. How did God prepare Moses to lead the Israelites?

God prepared Moses in many ways, giving him signs and wonders to prove that he had the power to deliver the people of Israel and teaching him how to perform miracles. He also gave Moses a companion, his brother Aaron, to help him in the task of leadership.


Moses’ story is one of the most important in the Bible, and teaches us about the importance of trusting God and accepting the challenges he puts before us. Moses was chosen by God to lead his people, and despite his hesitations, he ended up accepting the call and becoming one of the greatest leaders in the history of Israel. His story is an example for all of us of how God can use ordinary people to accomplish great things.

Aprofunde seus conhecimentos

439. Why does the Decalogue constitute an organic unity?

185. When is the infallibility of the Magisterium exercised?

72. What was the original condition of the human person according to the plan of God?

231. What is sacramental grace?

265. What place does Confirmation have in the divine plan of salvation?

319. What are the effects of this sacrament?

373. What does the dignity of the human person imply for the moral conscience?

Acesse nossos estudos biblicos:

Forgiveness and Reconciliation: Lessons from the Meeting of Jacob and Esau (Genesis 33:1-20)

How did Nehemiah deal with the division between rich and poor Jews in Nehemiah 5?

What are Daniel’s visions of the golden image and the four beasts?

How important is the supremacy of Christ according to Colossians 1:15-20?

How are God’s justice and mercy revealed in Isaiah? (Isaiah 58:1-14)

What was the story of King Amon’s violent death and rebellion in 2 Kings 21-22?

How important is caring for the dead in the Bible and what can we learn from the story of Tobiah and the burial of the dead?


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