448. Why is a false oath forbidden?

It is forbidden because one calls upon God who is truth itself to be the witness to a lie.

“Do not swear, whether by the Creator or by any creature, except truthfully, of necessity and with reverence.” (Saint Ignatius of Loyola)


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2150. The second commandment forbids false oaths. Taking an oath or swearing is to take God as witness to what one affirms. It is to invoke the divine truthfulness as a pledge of one's own truthfulness. An oath engages the Lord's name. "You shall fear the LORD your God; you shall serve him, and swear by his name."81

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2151. Rejection of false oaths is a duty toward God. As Creator and Lord, God is the norm of all truth. Human speech is either in accord with or in opposition to God who is Truth itself. When it is truthful and legitimate, an oath highlights the relationship of human speech with God's truth. A false oath calls on God to be witness to a lie.

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2163. False oaths call on God to be witness to a lie. Perjury is a grave offence against the Lord who is always faithful to his promises.

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2164. "Do not swear whether by the Creator, or any creature, except truthfully, of necessity, and with reverence" (St. Ignatius of Loyola, Spiritual Exercises, 38).


Acesse nossos estudos biblicos:

What is the significance of Aeneas’ healing and Dorcas’ resurrection in Acts 9:32-43?

What is the seventy week prophecy in Daniel 9?

God’s chosen people: What does the book of Leviticus teach us about the choice and holiness of God’s people? (Leviticus 20:26)

What is the importance of caring for the weak according to James 1:27?

What is the story of the healing of the bleeding woman in Mark 5:25-34?

Worship in spirit and truth: What does the worship described in Leviticus teach us about true worship of God? (Leviticus 1-7; 10)

What does the “gospel of peace” mentioned in Nahum 1:15 mean, and how does it relate to the fear of God?

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