Paragraph 248

248. At the outset the Eastern tradition expresses the Father’s character as first origin of the Spirit. By confessing the Spirit as he “who proceeds from the Father”, it affirms that he comes from the Father through the Son. The Western tradition expresses first the consubstantial communion between Father and Son, by saying that the Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son (filioque). It says this, “legitimately and with good reason”, for the eternal order of the divine persons in their consubstantial communion implies that the Father, as “the principle without principle”, is the first origin of the Spirit, but also that as Father of the only Son, he is, with the Son, the single principle from which the Holy Spirit proceeds. This legitimate complementarity, provided it does not become rigid, does not affect the identity of faith in the reality of the same mystery confessed.


Aprofunde seus conhecimentos

361. What is the relationship between the beatitudes and our desire for happiness?

318. How is this sacrament celebrated?

534. What is prayer?

456. What is the nature of the family in the plan of God?

512. What would be opposed to the social doctrine of the Church?

194. What is the meaning of the “communion of saints”?

223. How does the Holy Spirit work in the liturgy of the Church?


Acesse nossos estudos biblicos:

What is the lesson taught in Philippians 4:10-13 about finding contentment in all circumstances?

What are the story and life lessons drawn from the Ascension of Solomon in 1 Kings 1-2?

How did Nehemiah deal with the division between rich and poor Jews in Nehemiah 5?

What is the story behind the miracle of Elisha’s resurrection of the Shunammite’s son in 2 Kings 4?

What does it mean to love God and neighbor and what is the importance of this teaching in the Bible?

What is the role of women in society, according to Ecclesiasticus 26:1-4?

Saul’s Character and the Consequences of His Choices: A Case Study in Leadership (1 Samuel 9-15)

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