Paragraph 2242

2242. The citizen is obliged in conscience not to follow the directives of civil authorities when they are contrary to the demands of the moral order, to the fundamental rights of persons or the teachings of the Gospel. Refusing obedience to civil authorities, when their demands are contrary to those of an upright conscience, finds its justification in the distinction between serving God and serving the political community. “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”48“We must obey God rather than men”:49

When citizens are under the oppression of a public authority which oversteps its competence, they should still not refuse to give or to do what is objectively demanded of them by the common good; but it is legitimate for them to defend their own rights and those of their fellow citizens against the abuse of this authority within the limits of the natural law and the Law of the Gospel.50


Aprofunde seus conhecimentos

312. What are indulgences?

529. How does one reach purity of heart?

336. With what authority is the priestly ministry exercised?

495. What are the goods of conjugal love to which sexuality is ordered?

564. How are the saints guides for prayer?

593. What is the specifically Christian sense of this petition?

549. How does the Holy Spirit intervene in the Church’s prayer?


Acesse nossos estudos biblicos:

What do the passages in Daniel 7 and 11 teach us about the rise of the antichrist?

What is the unchanging nature of God, according to Malachi 3:6?

The Importance of Hope in Lamentations: How Does It Sustain Us Through Adversity (Lamentations 3:25)?

What is the importance of gratitude and recognition according to the book of Proverbs?

The Holiness of the Priesthood: How does the law of priestly holiness in the book of Numbers teach us about the importance of purity and dedication in the worship of God? (Numbers 18:1-7)

What was David’s attitude toward Mephibosheth, and what can we learn from this story?

What is the example of faith that the poor widow gives us in Luke 21:1-4?