– Among the Jews the month began with the New Moon and had 29 or 30 days, totaling a year of only 354 days, 8 hours and a fraction:

Gen 1,14-15 : God said: “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night”.

Eclo 43,6-8 : The moon is, in all its regular phases, the mark of time and the sign of the future.

– She was considered a creature of God, unlike the surrounding peoples, who worshiped her as a fertility goddess.

– In apocalyptic language, it is said that the moon will lose its shine, or turn red like blood, to designate the messianic times, when everything will become new:

Is 30:26 : Then the moon’s light will be as bright as the sun’s, and the sun’s light will shine seven times as bright as the light of seven days.

Mt 24,29 : Soon after these days of tribulation, the sun will darken, the moon will not have light.

Mk 13:24 : In those days, after this tribulation, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not shine.

Jl 4,15 : The sun and the moon are darkened, the stars pale.

Rev 6:12 : The sun was darkened like a piece of horsehair, the moon became as red as blood.

Rev 21:23 : The city does not need the sun or the moon to give it light […] the glory of God gives it light.