Paragraph 1345

1345. As early as the second century we have the witness of St. Justin Martyr for the basic lines of the order of the Eucharistic celebration. They have stayed the same until our own day for all the great liturgical families. St. Justin wrote to the pagan emperor Antoninus Pius (138-161) around the year 155, explaining what Christians did:

On the day we call the day of the sun, all who dwell in the city or country gather in the same place.
The memoirs of the apostles and the writings of the prophets are read, as much as time permits.
When the reader has finished, he who presides over those gathered admonishes and challenges them to imitate these beautiful things.
Then we all rise together and offer prayers* for ourselves . . .and for all others, wherever they may be, so that we may be found righteous by our life and actions, and faithful to the commandments, so as to obtain eternal salvation.
When the prayers are concluded we exchange the kiss.
Then someone brings bread and a cup of water and wine mixed together to him who presides over the brethren.
He takes them and offers praise and glory to the Father of the universe, through the name of the Son and of the Holy
Spirit and for a considerable time he gives thanks (in Greek: eucharistian) that we have been judged worthy of these gifts.
When he has concluded the prayers and thanksgivings, all present give voice to an acclamation by saying: ‘Amen.’
When he who presides has given thanks and the people have responded, those whom we call deacons give to those present the “eucharisted” bread, wine and water and take them to those who are absent.169


Aprofunde seus conhecimentos

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487. What responsibility do human persons have in regard to their own sexual identity?

220. In what does the sacramental economy consist?

276. Where does the Eucharist fit in the divine plan of salvation?

174. Why is the Church apostolic?

545. Why is our prayer efficacious?

8. What are the next stages of God’s Revelation?


Acesse nossos estudos biblicos:

What is Jonah’s story and what lessons can we learn from it?

What does the book of Hosea teach us about God’s unwavering love for his people?

How do the Psalms teach us to be more sensitive to God’s presence (Psalm 139:1-4)?

How is God’s sovereignty portrayed amidst the chaos in Lamentations 2:8-9?

How important is the Word of God in the Christian life according to 2 Timothy 3:16-17?

What is the importance of faith in the Christian life, according to the Bible?

The Creation of the Universe and Man: What Does the Book of Genesis Teach Us? (Genesis 1:1-31)