Paragraph 2411

2411. Contracts are subject to commutative justice which regulates exchanges between persons in accordance with a strict respect for their rights. Commutative justice obliges strictly; it requires safeguarding property rights, paying debts, and fulfilling obligations freely contracted. Without commutative justice, no other form of justice is possible.

One distinguishes commutative justice from legal justice which concerns what the citizen owes in fairness to the community, and from distributive justice which regulates what the community owes its citizens in proportion to their contributions and needs.


Aprofunde seus conhecimentos

498. What are immoral means of birth control?

581. What place does the Our Father have in the prayer of the Church?

585. With what spirit of communion and mission do we pray to God as “our” Father?

435. How did Jesus interpret the Law?

559. In the Church are there different ways of praying?

398. What are vices?

18. Why does Sacred Scripture teach the truth?


Acesse nossos estudos biblicos:

O que o livro de Cantares nos ensina sobre a beleza da mulher noiva e da mulher madura?

What does the Assyrian conquest of Samaria and the fall of the Northern Kingdom teach about the importance of obedience to God?

What is Jeremiah’s message about God’s unconditional love?

The Holiness of the Priesthood: How does the law of priestly holiness in the book of Numbers teach us about the importance of purity and dedication in the worship of God? (Numbers 18:1-7)

What can we learn about the fickleness of the rich and the value of humility from Ecclesiastes 9:13-16?

What does the image of the river of life in Ezekiel (Ezekiel 47) represent?

What is the story of the celebration of the Feast of Dedication (Hanukkah) described in 2 Maccabees 10:39-45?