– The word in the OT has three meanings: praising God, magnifying God’s gifts, recognizing one’s faults. These various aspects are often found in prayers (expressed by the words “praise”, “bless”):

Ne 9,5 : Rise up, bless the Lord, your God, from eternity to eternity!

Psalm 9:2 : I will praise you, O Lord, with all my heart; I will tell of all your wonders.

Ps 17:50 : Therefore I will praise you, O Lord, among the nations, and will praise your name.

Ps 41,6.9 : Wait in God, for I will still praise him.

– Confession as sacrament, institution:

Mt 16,18s : On this rock I will build my Church; the gates of hell will not prevail against it.

Mt 18:18 : What you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, […] whatever you loose […] will be loosed in heaven.

Jo 20,21ss : Peace be with you! As the Father sent me, so I send you.

– The divine institution of confession is legitimately deduced from the texts that promise or confer the power of the keys, a power that must be exercised in the manner of judgment, of judgment; such a judgment cannot be rendered without the prior manifestation of sins, because: 1) a prudent and wise judgment cannot be rendered without prior knowledge of the cause; 2) it cannot be known without the confession of the penitent, since he is the only one who really knows his own sin and its malice. It is not just a matter of declaring sins forgiven, due to the good dispositions of the penitent. In John 20:21ff, Jesus declares that the mission given to the apostles is similar to the one he received from the Father. Now Christ not only preaches the remission of sins, or declares them forgiven, but forgives them. Therefore,